Monday, June 29, 2015

PRELUDE to the AMERICAN REVOLUTION: The Battle of Culloden, Scotland 1746

 As metastasizing, 'Neo-Con' wars of instigated terrorism, treason, wars of nuclear extortion, global extermination,  and relentless economic predation bear down on us Americans this July 4th,
we present this fantastic documentary re-enactment video on the Battle of Culloden, 1746 as a treat to our readers.  
To look on the faces in this video is to look directly on the faces of the Americans Revolution: 

"We have detachments in all points of the Highlands. The People [of the Scots Highland clans who supported the Jacobite rebellion and war against King George's army]  are deservedly in a most  deplorable way,  and must perish, either by famine or by the sword, a just reward for traitors." (at 1.05.51)

 While the Battle of Culloden itself was a relatively straightforward affair, this excellent video captures the misery, desperation, ferocity, and train of  events leading up to the battle, and to the ruthless British campaign of  killing the wounded & "pacification," or  "ethnic cleansing" of the Highland clans who had manned the rebel army after the British victory...

...leading directly to thousands upon tens of thousands of Scots Highlanders and their families fleeing, or being deported to England's overseas colonies  in Canada, Australia,  the Barbados, and the American colonies.
The faces seen here -  of English speaking soldiers and officers, of Gaelic speaking Highland clansmen, of French soldiers,  and even of a German officer in Duke Cumberland's army...
   all would show up in the wars and battles of the  American Revolution just 3 decades later.... 


Fought between the British army of the Duke of Cumberland, youngest son of King George II, and the Scots Highlander rebel  army fighting under the banner of Charles Edward Stuart, "Bonnie Prince Charles," the battle decided whether Parliament, the Hanovarian dynasty of King George II, and Britain itself would remain a Protestant nation, or would revert to control by a Catholic king bent on restoring Catholicism as the state mandated religion of the realm.
   Ironically,  even though the British army under the Duke of Cumberland (youngest son of King George II)  was even more bloodthirsty, brutal, and repressive fighting the Scots Highlanders than they were against the American colonists during the bloody fighting of the American Revolution -

   - the Duke earned the nickname "BUTCHER CUMBERLAND" for wiping out
entire families of  clansmen in the Scots "Highlands" for months after the battle -

 - it was actually the British army that was fighting for the FREEDOM of  RELIGIOUS DISSENT,

because "Bonnie Prince Charlie" was a Catholic raised in Rome supported by France and Irish Catholics - who if they had succeeded in overthrowing the Protestant Hanoverians, would almost certainly have returned Britain once more to an intolerant,  Catholic dictatorship
(as it had been under the reign of  Queen Mary I "Bloody Mary.")   

 While Catholics - even today - might have a hard time accepting that  "Butcher Cumberland" and the British army had anything to do with "freedom,"  religious or otherwise,  it is hard to imagine a scenario where the French would have supported the (mostly Protestant)  American colonists during the America Revolutionary War  if  a Catholic king (Bonnie Prince Charles or his father,  James II "The Pretender)  had been on the British throne. 

  Indeed, it had been AMERICAN PURITANS who, on returning to the Mother Country (England) during the English Civil War, who had provided much of the "RADICAL"  ideals and preaching which finally pushed the English Protestant Parliamentarian army to  accept the OVERTHROW of  King Charles - as opposed to merely the restraint on his powers - as a legitimate goal -  see the "English Civil War, Part 1" video we posted previously. 
 Indeed, as this Clan Cameron web-page lays outwhile the Cameron clansmen fought in support of the Catholic rule of  'Bonnie Prince Charlie' at Culloden in 1746...   they would soon enlist or be impressed into  the British army, and serve with distinction in the Royal Army against the American Patriots during the American Revolution!
After the Battle of Culloden in 1746 this tour of the Battles of Clan Cameron comes to an end.
In the aftermath, Cameron men joined numerous British military regiments in the years following, among which were:
- The 42nd Regiment - The Black Watch
- The 79th Regiment - Cameron Highlanders
- The 92nd Regiment - Gordon Highlanders
- The Lochaber Fencible Highlanders.

The men of Lochaber fought with distinction in the American Revolutionary War, Peninsular War,  Waterloo, Crimea and in India during the Mutiny, in addition to both World Wars.

 Undoubtedly - as at the Battle of Culloden - there would have been clansmen fighting against each other  - against their own cousins, nephews, and descendents of common grandparents -  on BOTH SIDES of the American Revolution, all through that bloody, desperate war.  

  At the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge in North Carolina 
 early in the American revolutionary war  
(fighting just shortly after the battles at Lexington & Concord), 
the British incorporated Highland Scots as soldiers,  directly from the ships that had brought them as near prisoners from Scotland... the Highlanders were so impoverished  that many of them went into the battle without swords, much less guns.  
Since the American Revolution dragged on for years,  it is a near certainty that in later battles of the Revolution in the Carolinas that some of these Highlanders who fought with the British at Moore's Creek Bridge  fought with the Patriots and against the British army that had brought them over, enlisted at points of bayonets, from Scotland...

 Scots Highlanders pressed in service of the Royal Army  - many of them only recently on the ship that brought them across the Atlantic ocean, torn from their highland homes - suffered a decisive defeat at the hands of wily Patriot militia at the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge, in swamps  just a few mile from the Atlantic coast in North Carolina,  1776.
1776 – "A colonial force of North Carolina patriots resoundingly defeats a detachment of Scottish Loyalists
at Moore’s Creek Bridge near Wilmington."
"The battle ended Royal Governor Josiah Martin’s hopes of regaining control of the colony for the British crown. In addition, this first decisive Patriot victory of the Revolutionary War raised morale for Patriots throughout the colonies. The Loyalist defeat ended British plans for an invasionary force to land in Brunswick, North Carolina. The colony of North Carolina voted to declare independence from the British on April 12, 1776, shortly after the victory at Moores Creek.
The news of the fighting at Lexington and Concord in April, 1775 had been received in North Carolina a month later, and it further weakened royal authority. Unable to stem the tide of revolution in the colony, Governor Martin abandoned New Bern, the capital, and fled to Fort Johnston on the lower Cape Fear, arriving there on June 2, 1775."

The Battle of  Moore's Creek bridge was just one of  hundreds of  American Revolutionary battles that saw soldiers of Scots descent fighting fiercely - most of them with the Patriots and for Independence.   Future President Andrew Jackson's family were of Scots descent, and he and his two older brothers - he was then only 13 years old - were all three captured fighting against the British during a brutal  Revolutionary battle in North Carolina.  

 Losing both his brothers and his mother (who was working as a nurse on the prison ships)  to  DEATH-SHIP prison conditions similar to those portrayed in the video above, 
    Andrew Jackson would carry his hatred of the British all the way to his command at the Battle of New Orleans in Dec. of 1814 during the War of 1812

 It was only Jackson's fierce determination, bordering on fanaticism, that provided the leadership & strategic experience to enable the out manned, out-gunned, inexperienced, and disparate American Army, composed mostly of militia volunteers, to prevail against the Napoleonic wars victorious, blooded, & experienced British forces - quite possibly saving the young United States of America from being encircled and engulfed by a British empire that would have controlled all the trade of the entire Mississippi, thwarting America's westward expansion.

    Americans of  Scots descent would form the bulwark of the 'rebel' Confederate armies
 70 years later during the American Civil War... unfortunately  
(and ironically, given their history under English/British domination) 
fighting to support a system of  race-based chattel slavery that was every bit as cruel as anything the English, Normans, Danes, or Irish had ever imposed on the Scots in their homeland....